Martin was born in the Netherlands in 1865 and came to the United States with his parents when he was one and a half years old. His parents were Gerrit and Alberdina (Brummeler) Telder. Martin was raised in Grand Rapids, Michigan, and married Anna Kornoelje, daughter of Johannes and Cornelia "Katie" (Barendse) Kornoelje. Martin and Anna had seven children. He died in 1839 at 73 years of age.